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Outsourcing Jobs

By Sue Gench









In the last decade US corporate businesses have practiced a trend called outsourcing. Since 1990'../conversation-lessons/outsourcing-jobs-august2008.php#lo">laid off American workers to cut labor cost in the United States, and then set up their factories and manufacturing plants abroad, especially in China and India because of highly trained cheap workforce and business friendly deregulated environment of these countries. Not hiring the workforce of their own country or cutting down their own country'../conversation-lessons/outsourcing-jobs-august2008.php#ei">expanding into other industrial nations around the world in the last decade.This trend is called outsourcing. India and China are technologically advancing rapidly with their highly trained workforce in manufacturing of clothing, computer and digital communication products. Today, majority of US computer and digital products are made mostly in China or India. Apart from manufacturing industries, US finance and banking industries hire Indians because English is the official language of this country and educated Indians speak fluent English. In addition to English fluency, Indians'../conversation-lessons/outsourcing-jobs-august2008.php#examplary">exemplary work ethics induce American corporations to hire Indians as Computer Software Engineers and Online Customer Service Representatives. Below is a conversation on the topic of outsourcing.


Helen : Hi, Mary. It's good to see you. How have you been?

Mary: It'../conversation-lessons/outsourcing-jobs-august2008.php#havegot">have just got a new job.

Helen : Oh! You were so happy about your job. You'../conversation-lessons/outsourcing-jobs-august2008.php#howcome">How come?

Mary: Yes, I have. But my company is now outsourcing the jobs to China and India. So, I was laid off.

Helen : My Goodness! You have worked there so long? How many years was it?

Mary: I'../conversation-lessons/outsourcing-jobs-august2008.php#severance">severance pay and a three-month notice.

Helen: Good Heavens!. How did you cope with that? I imagine it must have been very hard on you. Besides, you have two children.

Mary: I was devastated. It took me several months to pull myself together. Thank God. My husband works for government. There is no such a thing as outsourcing jobs in government. I'../conversation-lessons/outsourcing-jobs-august2008.php#keepbusy">kept busy with my children for the first three months. Then, I started my job hunting.

Helen: Do you have a job now?

Mary: Yes, I have got a new job. It took me three months to get a new job. Now, I have got a new job since last month. I work as an office manager and earn much less in this job.

Helen : But, at least you have something. I hear a lot about job outsourcing of U.S. companies, it worries me a lot.

Mary: Yeah. It is a current trend in the U.S. economy. We'll talk more later. I have to go now. Here's my telephone number.

Helen: Here is mine, too. Call me sometime next week.

Mary: Ok. I'../conversation-lessons/outsourcing-jobs-august2008.php#seeyou">See you again, Helen.

Helen : The same to you and your family, too. See you soon, Mary.


1. What is the topic of this conversation?

2. Why did Mary lose her job?

3. What is outsourcing?

4. Tell us if American companies set up businesses in your country and hire local people. If so, are people making better wages working for American companies in your country.

5. Tell us what effects of outsourcing you see in your own country.


practice: transitive verb. to engage in certain activities such as business, sports, hobby

trend: collective behavior pattern in a group, society, country or the world.

lay off: to let workers go due to lack of work

cut cost: to decrease cost such as labor cost advertising cost, etc.

deregulated: past-participle of the verb 'deregulate': to remove laws, regulations for business in order to give more incentives for business expansion

set up: prepositional verb. to establish, build

manufacturing plan: compound noun. factory

abroad: adverb. outside a country

professional: noun. trained to be prepared with knowledge and skills to perform effectively for a given job, work, vocation

workforce: workers

hire: to give a paying job to a worker

cut down: to decrease in quantity. for example, cut down red meat, cut down expenses, cut down labor

expand into: go larger in volume and scope. Example: This business is expanding into international markets now.

decade: ten years in time

advancing adjective of verb advance going ahead., moving forward, progressing

rapidly: adverb. fast:

apart from: adverb. in addition

hightech: advanced computer technologies

exemplary:adverb. of high quality in performance, product, service

work ethics: set of more guidelines workers understand and practice without enforcement

induce: to motivate other person to do what we want

worry verb. to feel anxious

job: noun. work we do to make money

have got: present perfect tense of get: to have something

to be happy about:to feel good about something, people, event, and etc.

How come: idiom. how is it possible?

company: noun. a business

corporate: noun. big business

outsource: transitive and intransitive verb. to cut jobs in a domestic country and hire workers from other countries

laid off: past and past perfect of lay off. idiom verb.

so long: adverb. long time

severance: an. hard times, economic difficulty

pay: an. money we make by working at a job

severance pay: compound an. extra pay to help a worker survive for a short period of time

to cope with: idiom verb. to try hard to do our best in a difficult situation

to be shocked: idiom. to be extremely surprised. negative meaning

notice: an. a written statement to let a worker know he or she will be laid off

to be hard on someone: idiom phrase: to give hard time

to keep busy: idiom phrase. to be busy continuously

job hunting: idiom. looking for a job very hard

earn: verb. to make money

worry oneself verb transitive to cause someone to worry

it worries me: something that causes me to worry

at least: adverb. better than nothing

a lot: adverb. so much

to be hard on someone: idiom phrase: to give hard time

Yeah. informal Yes

trend: noun. certain way of behavior

view verb. to look at

see you again: informal: I wish to see you again





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